The Endocrine System and Nutrition

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Endocrine System and Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases
Trans fats are also a big source of dangerous free radicals that can cause damage to sensitive organs and cells. Dairy products typically contain added vitamin A and D, eating Brazil nuts can boost your intake of selenium and cod, shrimp and iodized salt provide iodine. The pituitary gland, also known as the hypophysis, is a tiny gland located behind the optic nerve in the cranial cavity in a depression in the sphenoid bone called the sella turcica. Eating too much or too little each day disrupts your endocrine system -- excess fatty tissue secretes abnormally high levels of estrogen, and people with very little fat also face a risk of hormone imbalance. Thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH , released by the anterior pituitary gland, causes the thyroid to release T 3 and T 4. There is even more food that is crucial to the endocrine system, but I would turn this post into a book.

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Foods to Keep Your Endocrine System Happy and Healthy

The thymus gland is located in the mediastinum above the heart. It releases a hormone called thymosin, which is responsible for stimulating key cells in the immune response. For more details, see Chapter 9 on the circulatory and lymphatic systems. The ovaries and testes, the female and male gonads, also act as endocrine glands, which influence reproductive functions. The pineal body gland is located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete the hormone melatonin, thought to be responsible for inducing sleep.

Aside from the endocrine organs that have been discussed, there are a number of tiny arteriovenous structures that act as chemoreceptors throughout the body. These structures, called glomera sing. The glomera named are the aortic, carotid, coccygeal, and jugular bodies. To practice labeling the endocrine system, click on Label It.

Most of the pathology of the endocrine system is the result of either hyper — too much or hypo — too little hormonal secretion. Developmental issues also play a role in determining when the malfunction occurs and what the results will be. Boop, and James W. Mathew and Lawrence D.

Kadam and Michael V. Ferrie, and Chrysostomos P. Functions of the Endocrine System The endocrine and nervous systems work together and separately to achieve the delicate physiological balance necessary for survival, termed homeostasis. Anatomy and Physiology The endocrine system is composed of several single and paired ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream.

Note This chapter includes all the anatomy necessary to assign ICD endocrine system codes, including detail on the mammillary body, the adenohypophysis, and the parafollicular cells of the thyroid. Note Pay attention to the General Guidelines for laterality for the endocrine system. Pituitary Gland The pituitary gland, also known as the hypophysis, is a tiny gland located behind the optic nerve in the cranial cavity in a depression in the sphenoid bone called the sella turcica.

Principal anterior and posterior pituitary hormones and their target organs. LH stimulates ovulation in the female and the secretion of sex hormones in both the male and the female. ICSH stimulates production of reproductive cells in the male. Growth hormone GH also called human growth hormone [hGH] or somatotropin hormone [STH] Stimulates growth of long bones and skeletal muscle; converts proteins to glucose.

Prolactin PRL also called lactogenic hormone Stimulates milk production in the breast. Thyrotropin also called thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH] Stimulates thyroid to release two other thyroid hormones.

Neurohypophysis Hormones and Their Effects Neurohypophysis Hormones Effect Antidiuretic hormone ADH also called vasopressin Stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb water and return it to circulation; is also a vasoconstrictor, resulting in higher blood pressure.

Oxytocin OT Stimulates the muscles of the uterus during the delivery of an infant and the muscles surrounding the mammary ducts to contract, releasing milk. Thyroid Gland The thyroid gland is a single organ, but is divided into right and left lobes that are joined by a thin structure termed the isthmus Fig.

Tetraiodothyronine also called thyroxine [T 4 ] Increases cell metabolism. Triiodothyronine T 3 Increases cell metabolism. Parathyroid Glands The parathyroids are four small glands right and left, superior and inferior located on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland in the neck. Adrenal Glands Suprarenals The adrenal glands, also called the suprarenals, are paired, one on top of each kidney. The adrenal cortex secretes three hormones that are called steroids. Acts as a neurotransmitter in the nervous system.

Epinephrine also called adrenaline Dilates bronchi, increases heart rate, raises blood pressure, dilates pupils, and elevates blood sugar levels. Norepinephrine also called noradrenaline Increases heart rate and blood pressure and elevates blood sugar levels for energy use. Pancreas The pancreas, located inferior and posterior to the stomach, is a gland with both exocrine and endocrine functions Fig.

In fact, thousands of metabolic reactions happen at the same time - all regulated by the body - to keep our cells healthy and working. When a cell produces optimum energy, then it has the capacity to fulfill its many functions involving regeneration, detoxification, and its unique, genetically programmed role such as might be had by a heart cell, a liver cell, a muscle cell, a brain cell, a nerve cell, and so forth.

If cells of like kind have the energy to efficiently fulfill their functions, then the organs or glands they comprise can fulfill their functions. And, if the organs and glands have the energy to efficiently fulfill their functions, then the systems they comprise can efficiently carry out their functions. So, for example, the strength and efficiency of the immune system depends on the strength and efficiency of the organs that comprise it. And, the strength and efficiency of the immune organs depend on the strength and efficiency of the immune organs' cells.

And, the strength and efficiency of the immune organs' cells depend in great part on the energy they are able to produce. The life-sustaining processes of the body is fueled by an energy exchange with the environment, whereby the body converts air oxygen taken in through our lungs , water, light taken in through the skin and eyes and needed by the pineal gland and food nutrition into energy.

Calcium, vitamin C, and B vitamins are important to the formation and function of hormones. Leafy greens like kale, spinach, broccoli, turnip greens, mustard greens, and asparagus are always a good place to find vitamins and minerals.

Choose organic produce as much as possible to avoid the pesticides, herbicides, and chemicals that inhibit or imitate hormones. Vitamin D is also important. Get this from mushrooms, lichen, and short exposures to the sun each day. The building blocks for many hormones are fats. Your body needs a good amount of healthy fats to build the hormones the endocrine system relies on to send messages. Great sources of fats include coconut oil, chia seeds, avocado, olive oil, sacha inchi, seaweed, sunflower seeds, spirulina, nuts, and pumpkin seeds.

Amino acids are major building blocks for hormones too. Hempseed, quinoa, chia seeds, brown rice, oats, beans, lentils, nuts, and other seeds are all great vegan sources of protein. The mineral iodine is important in forming thyroid hormones. It is an essential nutrient that is involved with growth, development, energy production, and hormone sensitivities.

Too much can be a bad thing, so it is better to get it from food rather than supplements. Sea vegetables are the best source for iodine. Try kelp, arame, hiziki, kombu, and wakame. Cranberries, navy beans, and strawberries are also a good source that may be more familiar. Natural Himalayan sea salt is a good place to find iodine and other minerals too, unlike table salt that has been stripped of its minerals even if iodine is added back.

These herbs are believed to help the body adapt to and lessen stress. Many of these herbs have been used for centuries in Ayurvedic medicine to increase resistance to stress, combat disease, and boost mental and physical stamina.

Claims on this site have not been evaluated by the FDA. Information on this site is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Seek the advice of a medical professional before making any changes to your lifestyle or diet. Sunwarrior likes to share. Please feel free to repost articles as long as you always link back to the original and credit the author. From energy to water purification, find out the 14 amazing health benefits of moringa!

Give yourself a little time and relaxation for Mother's Day this year. Pamper yourself this week with one or a few of these 19 activities.

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